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Download An Introduction to Human Evolutionary Anatomy by Leslie Aiello PDF

By Leslie Aiello

An anthropologist and an anatomist have mixed their talents during this booklet to supply scholars and learn employees with the necessities of anatomy and the capability to use those to investigations into hominid shape and serve as. utilizing simple rules and correct bones, conclusions might be reached concerning the possible musculature, stance, mind dimension, age, weight, and intercourse of a selected fossil specimen. this type of deductions that are attainable are illustrated through reference again to modern apes and people, and a coherent photo of the historical past of hominid evolution looks. Written in a transparent and concise kind and fantastically illustrated, An advent to Human Evolutionary Anatomy is a uncomplicated reference for all inquisitive about human evolution in addition to a precious better half to either laboratory functional classes and new study utilizing fossil skeletons

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Extra info for An Introduction to Human Evolutionary Anatomy

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The mental foramen is usually situated below and between the position of the root apices of the premolar teeth. Because of the way the mandible grows the opening of the mental foramen usually points backwards in modern humans. The internal or lingual surface of the mandibular body is marked by a ridge, the mylohyoid line that indicates the line of attachment of the mylohyoid muscle that lies THE BONES OF THE SKULL across the floor of the mouth (Fig. 4 . 4 ) . This line becomes less distinct in the premolar and canine region.

They also form two Y-shaped articulations, one anteriorly at bregma where the sagittal suture meets the coronal suture at the frontal bone, and another posteriorly at lambda where the sagittal suture meets the lambdoidal sutures at the occipital bone. bone FIGURE 4-6 Superior view of the cranium. THE BONES OF THE SKULL FIGURE 4-7 Sutures and landmarks of the cranium. Along the lambdoidal suture and especially at the site of the posterolateral fontanelle (one of the deficiences in the bony vault covered only by tough fibrous tissue at birth) there are commonly small additional sutural or Wormian bones.

B r e g m a : the point at which the sagittal and coronal sutures meet. Obelion: the mid-line point on the sagittal suture between the two parietal emissary foramina. Lambda: the point at which the lambdoid and sagittal sutures meet. Opisthocranion: the mid-line point of the cranium that projects farthest posteriorly. 32 Anthropometric lateral aspect of the skull EVOLUTIONARY ANATOMY Undmarks on the Bregma Inion: the point in the mid-line of the cranium that crosses a tangent to the upper convexities of the superior nuchal lines.

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